1. How did the creeds come about?

The creeds go back to Jesus, who commanded his disciples to baptize. In doing so, they were to require of the people seeking Baptism the profession of a definite faith, namely, faith in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit (Trinity).

  1. Creeds embarked from Jesus– The command of Jesus “go, therefore and make disciples of all nations, and baptize them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit’ (Mt. 28:19-20) requires a body of teachings and truths for one who has not heard Jesus and has not seen Him. Before a sacrament is to be performed, there should be an accompanying body of truths that have to be said to catechize the one who is about to be baptized. A particular rite or act has a history or a story behind. The myth is inseparable from the rite especially when it breaks into the transcendent. The disciples who were sent to the mission needed a concise and concrete body of teachings for making one a Christian.
  2. Creeds point to the Trinity– the belief in the Trinity is the first and foremost truth that the Church believes because it is also the first doctrine on the fullness of God that was revealed by Christ. It was Christ who revealed that God is One in three Divine Persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. At the heart of baptism is the proclamation of the Trinity. This is the reason why baptism is the basis of Christian life because the indelible mark of the sacrament is conferred on the individual and at the beginning of the Christian life the Trinity becomes the foundation of faith. With the help of the Trinity, baptism becomes the (vitae spiritualis ianua) or gateway to life in the spirit. Baptism is inseparable from the faith on the Trinity.
  3. Creeds indicate the meaning of faith– creeds are body of truths affirmed and asserted by faith which is the human response to God’s initiative and divine self-revelation to man. The Catechism of the Catholic Church defines faith as “man’s response to God, who reveals himself and gives himself to man, at the same time bringing man a superabundant light as he searches for the ultimate meaning of his life.” (CCC26) Faith has three basic orientations: first, faith is a gift from God that saves. God’s self-communication illustrates His love for man. It is due to the divine initiative that men and women experienced and experience the presence of the living God. God speaks directly or indirectly to man. Peter was told by Jesus, “flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.” (Mt 16:17) Peter was endowed by the gift of faith. Second, faith entails things to be decided on and done. Faith entails a choice and a decision to make. The gift of faith creates an obligation and calls for our personal involvement and response. Nothing could be called a gift if it is not given and received. Faith can only be called a response if the person has made a choice. Third, faith includes things to be hoped for. Pope Francis says “We see how faith, as remembrance of the future, memoria futuri, is thus closely bound up with hope.” This entails that: a) faith has a future, b) faith entails a journey towards a definite end, c) faith is an encounter with Christ that brings a new way of life; d) faith is linked to hope, for even if our dwelling place here below is wasting away, we have an eternal dwelling place which God has already prepared in Christ, in his body.(pope Francis)